Electric cars represent the future of mobility. These are vehicles powered by rechargeable batteries, which use one or more electric motors instead of traditional internal combustion engines. Electric cars produce no exhaust emissions and significantly reduce the environmental impact of transport.
Despite the many advantages, false myths and misconceptions about electric cars persist. In this article we will analyze the most common prejudices, explaining why they do not correspond to reality.
Electric cars have low range
One of the main concerns about electric cars is that they have a limited range, insufficient for daily travel. In reality, thanks to advances in lithium-ion batteries, today many models guarantee an average range between 300 and 500 km on a single charge. Ranges more than enough for most motorists, especially considering that charging can easily occur at home or at the workplace.
Studies show that 95% of daily car trips are less than 50 km, a distance easily within reach of modern electric cars.
Electric cars are expensive
The purchase price of electric cars remains on average higher than equivalent gasoline or diesel vehicles. However, the gap is shrinking rapidly. In addition, the guaranteed savings from lower energy costs (electric “fuel” costs less than fossil fuel) and reduced maintenance required by electric motors must be considered.
Especially for city use, where the fuel consumption of a traditional car is higher, the electric car can prove convenient in the medium to long term thanks to the lower total cost of operation.
There are not enough charging stations
The so-called “range anxiety” also stems from the perception that there is insufficient charging infrastructure for long trips. This belief is also becoming obsolete: in Italy alone there are now over 15,000 public charging stations, constantly increasing. Most charging occurs conveniently at home or at the office: public charging stations are especially useful for trips, and their diffusion already allows you to move without too much anxiety on the highway today.
Fast charging, which allows you to restore 80% of the battery in about half an hour, is making stops more and more similar to a traditional refueling. Widespread distribution of charging stations is the key to definitively eliminating any “range anxiety”.
Electric cars pollute more than gasoline ones
Some argue, incorrectly, that electric cars are not actually that eco-friendly, due to indirect emissions from the production of the electricity needed to recharge. In reality, even taking this factor into account, zero-emission vehicles have an overall lower environmental impact compared to equivalent internal combustion engine vehicles, as shown by several studies.
In addition, with the progressive decarbonization of the energy system, thanks to renewables, electric driving will become increasingly eco-sustainable. Even today, recharging your car only with certified green energy, indirect emissions are reduced to zero.
Batteries are polluting and difficult to dispose of
The production of batteries certainly has environmental impacts that should not be underestimated. However, automakers are making significant efforts to increase the sustainability of production processes and improve battery recycling at end of life.
Already today, most manufacturers offer systems to regenerate or reuse exhausted batteries, reducing the need to dispose of them. In the future, with increasing demand, it is likely that batteries will be designed from the outset to be as recyclable as possible.
The undeniable environmental benefits provided by electric cars far outweigh the problematic aspects related to the production and disposal of batteries, issues on which the industry is already working to further reduce the impact.
The analysis of the main false myths about electric cars shows how resistance to adopting this technology is often due to outdated prejudices or unfounded fears. Automakers are working to make electric cars competitive in every way: autonomy, price, charging station deployment and sustainability are challenges already largely won. Driving electric today is a valid zero-emission mobility option and is destined to become the new normal.