Electric mobility is becoming increasingly important in the context of the ecological transition of our cities. Electric means of transport, such as buses, trains, trams and subways, allow to significantly reduce air and noise pollution, improving the quality of life in urban centers.
The advantages of electric mobility
The advantages of electric mobility are numerous. First of all, electric vehicles do not produce direct emissions, unlike those equipped with internal combustion engines. This drastically reduces emissions of pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbons and particulate matter, which cause serious damage to human health.
In addition, electric motors are much quieter than traditional ones. The absence of noise is a great benefit for residents in urban areas, helping to reduce noise pollution, a source of disturbance and stress for the population.
Electric vehicles are also more energy efficient. The electric motor converts over 90% of the supplied energy into mechanical energy, with a much higher yield than internal combustion engines. In this way, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions are reduced.
Electric public transport for the cities of the future
Electric public transport has even greater advantages, given the intensive use of means of transport by a large number of people. Replacing fleets of diesel buses and trains with zero-emission vehicles would have a significant impact on the air quality of cities.
According to a study published on Science Direct, the transition to electric vehicles in urban transport could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80% by 2050.
For this reason, many cities are investing in electric public transport. The goal is to have fleets of all-electric buses within a few years. Today there are already virtuous cases, such as Shenzhen, the first city in the world with a fleet of only electric buses, or Bogotá, where 100% of urban buses are electric.
The transition to electric is also already underway for subways and trains. For example, London has set itself the goal of making the entire rail network carbon-free by 2030. Other cities are following this path to provide zero-emission public transportation systems.
Conclusions: electric mobility for more livable cities
In conclusion, electric mobility is one of the keys to making our cities healthier and more livable. Investing in the electrification of urban public transport is a strategic choice that will bring great environmental and social benefits. Forward-looking administrations are already moving in this direction, to guarantee citizens the right to travel on non-polluting vehicles. The challenge of 100% electric public transport is ambitious but absolutely necessary to have more eco-sustainable cities.